What Causes Gynecomastia?

Handsome happy man wearing white T-shirt at the sea or the ocean background Male breast enlargement, also known as gynecomastia, is usually caused by an imbalance of hormones, particularly testosterone and estrogen. When estrogen levels are too high in males, it can cause breast tissue to swell. Although natural hormonal changes can lead to gynecomastia, it is also caused by certain health conditions or medications. Here are some of the most common causes of gynecomastia and how a male breast reduction can help.


While gynecomastia is most commonly associated with newborn babies, it is also common in boys going through puberty. However, these forms of the condition usually go away within a few months after birth or the start of puberty. More resilient forms of male breast enlargement are usually found in men above the age of 50. In fact, about 1 in 4 men between the ages of 50 and 80 have gynecomastia.

Underlying Health Conditions

There are a variety of health conditions that can cause men to develop gynecomastia. This includes obesity, hyperthyroidism, hypoandrogenism, hypogonadism, kidney failure, liver disease, and tumors. While gynecomastia itself does not usually pose a health risk, it can sometimes indicate an underlying condition, so it’s important to meet with your doctor regularly.

Certain Medications or Drugs

Both prescription medications and drugs can contribute to male breast enlargement. Anabolic steroids are a common culprit, but other substances can cause gynecomastia as well. This includes calcium channel blockers, proton pump inhibitors, estrogens, as well as medications used to treat anxiety, fungal infections, bacterial infections, fertility issues, or an enlarged prostate. Other drugs like amphetamines, marijuana, methadone, heroine, and alcohol can also lead to breast enlargement.

How Male Breast Reduction Can Help

Male breast reduction is an effective, long-lasting solution that uses liposuction to remove excess breast tissue. During the procedure, Dr. Jonathan Fugo removes the stubborn tissue using cannulas, creating a smoother chest appearance. Recovery takes just a few weeks, and the results are immediately noticeable following the surgery.

If you want to achieve a more masculine look and regain your self-confidence, call us today at 845-565-7040 to schedule a consultation with Dr. Fugo. We are proud to serve patients living in Dutchess, Putnam, Rockland, Orange, Sullivan and Westchester Counties and surrounding New York communities.

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